Scotch whisky are available three varieties, typically — single malt, single grain, and blended scotch. General, these whiskies come from six areas round Scotland: The Highlands, The Islands (typically grouped with The Highlands), Islay, Campbeltown, Speyside, and The Lowlands.
Single malt scotch is a distillate made in a single distillery with a single malted barley mash invoice (recipe) in pot stills. A single grain scotch is commonly used to indicate a whisky made with a single grain that’s not malted barley. Nevertheless, in Scotland, malted barley is added to begin the fermentation course of. A single grain whisky is usually used for blended whisky. So, the usage of “single” on this case, then, refers to the truth that booze was made at a single distillery.
Blended scotch makes up for 90% of the Scottish whisky market. So it’s in all probability what most individuals will probably be accustomed to or begin with as an entry level to the model. That is merely a mix of malt whisky and grain whisky whereby a master blender marries two or extra barrels of booze into one scrumptious elixir.
From there, the idea of how the whisky is made is similar to most different whisk(e)ys around the globe. Malted cereals or grains (on this case virtually at all times barley malted with peat smoke) is floor to a grist, earlier than water and yeast are added to start fermentation. That fermented water — not like a beer — is distilled twice. Lastly, the distillate is transferred to barrels (typically ex-bourbon barrels from America, typically not) to relaxation for not less than three years. That’s just about it.
Every area of the six regions of Scotland that produce whisky has their specific nuances and uniqueness. Resting barrels alongside the briny, chilly Scottish shoreline can add touches that barrels up within the mountains or forests is not going to get. However, on the finish of the day, we’re speaking some very minor variables right here. You will get umami smoke monsters from the coast or the forest, relying on what the top distiller is trying to characterize with the malt, water, and barrels.